Articles

What were the reasons SBY won?


10 July 2009

 

Yusiko Takahashi: What were the reasons SBY won?
Wimar Witoelar:  There are a number of reason why somebody gets elected. but I will take an educated guess. I think the first and for most reason is that people tend to choose the incumbent, unless there’s something wrong with the incumbent.  Not just in Indonesia, but anywhere else. And in Indonesia that syndrome is even stronger. People want to stick with the familiar because, why should they risk a new one if the incumbent did not do very badly?  Of course there are many things wrong with Indonesia, and of course there’s a need for change. But first of all people need strong intellect to appreciate the need for change,  and change needs an agent who can give a convincing case. So if Megawati gives  a message of change that is not very credible since she is part of the old system. She was a president once, and she did not get re-elected. If people want change why should she go to a vice presidential candidate like Prabowo, because Indonesia was damages very greatly by General Prabowo when he was special forces commander under Soeharto. If we look at Jusuf Kalla, he can not promise change. People forget he is a member of the Soeharto elite. As a businessman he enjoyed the patronage of the Soeharto system. He was given Eastern Indonesia monopolies, and he was oppressive aganst the Chinese. That’s how he became a big businessman. He cannot survive in fair competition. So people don’t see him as an agent of change. And Wiranto of course headed the Armed Forces under Soeharto. People who remember East Timor or the violence in Jakarta know he doesn’t represent change. Both candidates represent a return to the past, back to the past. SBY-Boediono is the only pair who had some credibility, Because at least 5 years of SBY’s presidency didn’t create damage, in fact the economic growth at the average of 4%-5%, no violence. Some people don’t like him, but he never arrested anyone. And he never closed any newspaper. That’s why people feel comfortable. Mr. Boediono is a better candidates for Vice President than Jusuf kalla was 5 years ago. Because he has a very clean track record while the two other vice presidential candidates allegedly  committed human right violations. Boediono never killed anyone, he cannot even kill a mouse. He is a very gentle person. He had worked on the Indonesian economy for maybe 20 years in various capacities. So he is a credible figure. 
So if you ask me why they choose SBY, the answer is  people just don’t want to take  risks anymore. OK then why did Megawati, Prabowo get some votes and why did Jusuf Kalla get votes?  They are large numbers of vote. If Megawati were running in Australia she would win because Australia has only 80 million people. In terms of percentage in Indonesia, her votes are not significant. Why did Megawati get votes? Because Megawati is Soekarno’s daughter, period. Her legitimacy comes from the  fact that she is a daughter of Soekarno, a big name in Indonesia history. Even Japanese  know Soekarno. Maybe they don’t now exactly what Soekarno did but he is a big name. Actually Soekarno did proclaim Indonesia independence. But on the other hand, he wrecked Indonesia’s economy and he  left the country in ruins. People don’t understand that, since Soekarno is a romantic figure who released Indonesia from colonialism.
Megawati is living in the shadow of Bung Karno, living off the romanticism of people who don’t understand. People who were around during Bung Karno know he had some good sides and very many bad sides. And  Soeharto, he had many very good sides, but he had many very disastrous sides. You just cannot give the nation to people supported a president  who corrupted 20 billion dollars from the  people and killed so many of them. The SBY-Boediono pair is gentle - maybe they’re not very great but they’re not bad people either.
Takahashi: In 1999 people were very passionate about democratization. Why do they seem so indifferent now?
Wimar: Somehow when something matures you lose the passion. When you fall in love with a girl for one month you go crazy, you make love under the moonlight, you chase each other. If all things go well in a year they are still in love but they don’t express it as much. If you talk about health, one year ago I was in ill health so I took up diet and exercise and it worked. 3 months later, my weight went down, my blood indicators went up. I am  excited, I’m healthy. Next month I get the test again, I’m healthy.. two months, four months people say fine, that’s not news. Yesterday I took a blood test and got good results. Nobody cares, because you have been healthy a long time. People who are very young believe Indonesia has always been democratic. And so they said yes, sure, we are democratic.. so what, things are still expensive, I cannot get a job. They don’t remember that 10 years ago, not that long ago, if a foreign reporter like you came to Indonesia you would have a difficulty interviewing somebody like me, if you are not a risk taker.  Ten years ago not many people could talk in Indonesia. You can talk,  butg you end up in jail. Ten years ago newspapers were controlled by the state. In Soekarno’s time you could not see a western movie. You can only see Russian, Chinese and Japanese movies. You cannot see British, Dutch, American movies. So things have been on a roller coaster in Indonesia. From the most totalitarian regime now we are the most democratic. 
We are more democratic than any other country in Southeast Asia and I can be challenged on it. But people don’t appreciate it and they turn to other problems. That is good, because we do not want people who are easily satisfied, we want people who are critical and want progress but with a measure of appreciation. We are lucky to have escape unscathed. The elections we just had is the third election in the reform period. Nobody died in those elections, nobody got hurt. In Soeharto’s time hundreds of peoples could get hurt and even killed, and people who opposed the regime could get imprisoned. When Soeharto was around Megawati’s party headquarters was attacked and tens  of people died. She never complained,  I don’t know why. So it  is a peaceful period now. Maybe some things are not as good as they were, but having said that, in this global economic crisis, somehow we survive and now we are doing better than other economies. Malaysia, Singapore have negative growth. We have 4 % growth even after the global financial tsunami. So we are lucky.
Takahashi: In the US Elections, Obama’s  message was ‘Change’. And some  politicians used  ‘change’ as their campaign slogan, but why did the SBY-Boediono slogan ‘Continue’ produce the winner?
Wimar: Well, that’s because America was very bad under Bush according to those who don’t like him. According to much of the rest of the world. So you need the audacity  of hope. But here it wasn’t that bad. Why should you change your country when you survived the economic crisis?  Why should you change your country that is going away from human right abuse, especially when  the competition doesn’t have much to offer. Prabowo offered hope for a  populist  economy but he has never been part of the people, or work with the people before the campaign. He was never in touch with the people. Megawati is the symbol of the people. But she is the most feudal  lady I know because I know her quite well. She is a nice lady. But she thinks she is queen. Wiranto doesn’t represent the people. As far as SBY’s campaign is concerned, I don’t know whether they chose the slogan by design, because I’m not part of the SBY campaign. But they chose not to offer empty hope but just say ‘we will keep on doing this’. And apparently it works. He got a quite large majority.
Takahashi:  What topic is the most important in the past ten years in this country ? 
Wimar:  I see what is happening is progress because the political leadership has not been as deviant as it was before. You know people drift to more democracy, that is the instinct, but if you had leaders who want to preserve and maximize power, keeping the people oppressed, then you have a gap between the rich and the poor. Soekarno did not create the gap by design.  He just mismanaged the country. His government did not pay attention to the nation, but Soeharto deliberately managed the gap, he built up  a close circle of cronies and power. Suharto accumulated a lot of money and the elites have a lot of money. But when reform came there was Habibie and Abdurrahman Wahid and Megawati and then SBY. They did not continue this deliberate policy of separating the rich and the poor. They have not succeeded in totally reforming, but they do not maintain the gap. So people rose. If you leave people to themselves they are intelligent, they like to work, they are creative. The most creative people in Indonesia are not in politics now. They are doing day to day jobs, they are working in PR, in television, in the press, in the factories. That’s what’s happening; in fact it could be negative because now not many good people want to go in to politics. We hope to come to a sort of a compromise. But at this moment at least the middle class is growing. You can see them if you go to the shops, to the malls, to the airports, to the buses, to the zoo, to the amusement park, to the school. Those are not people who are very interested in the politics. They do vote because they want to keep the nation as it is, to continue. I think that’s why was happened.
Takahashi:  So the last question is, what do we have next,  in the democracy era ?
Wimar:   I don’t know what will happen next but I can tell you should happen. If I had my way then I would like to have SBY devote himself to the future and assign the management of the country to the technocras.  He has a very good team of technocrats already. He has Mr. Boediono, he has Sri Mulyani, he has Dr. Chatib Basri. A large number of proven technocrats, very clean, very expert. Also in other areas.   SBY isn’t really a politician, he was a military man, but he could be a statesman. So I think his second term should be dedicated to the future. And that is mostly in re-establishing Indonesia’s presence in the world. I believe very strongly that international relations are very important to the nation’s future because it is a global world.  Jakarta has as much to do as much to with Tokyo as it has with Garut or with Cianjur. If we put ourselves in the economic and  political mainstream, Indonesia has a good chance to contribute. Indonesia also happens to be the country where the most Moslems live in the world. And ours is a moderate brand of Moslem. Even if you see the news reporting the terrorists, the extreme activists, they are a minority. They are people who are hopeless; if people have hope than the Moslem majority can rise and we can be a good force in the world. So I think in the next five years Indonesia should go in that direction. SBY should focus on foreign policy, should get good foreign policy people and should stay away from local politics and not be tempted to compromise, to be blackmailed by extreme groups. Forget the coalition building that caters to extreme thoughts, because there’s enough strength in the system.  SBY is not a man who uses power recklessly. He is more a moderator than a leader. And so if he lets the political system work, supervises it, then our natural growth will increase the economic projections for 2014 to 8 – 9 percent.
Takahashi:  What is top agenda for the second administration?
 Wimar:   It definitely is combating corruption.  Corruption is not a moral issue alone; it is an economics issue. Because if we have a clean government, the foreign investor will have confidence, labor  will be satisfied, creativity will increase and also the productivity. Before you talk about systems you must first talk about clean government. If you have a clean government, our macro economic planning is sound. We have a good balance of agriculture policies, industrial policies, investment policies. Our monetary management is very good,  our Bank of Indonesia has been well managed. Our Minister of Finance was twice awarded  the best finance minister in the world. She was a director of the IMF, so the economy is on a good path, if it is not corrupted. The past cabinet was corrupted by  people like Aburizal Bakrie and  Jusuf Kalla who used power to further their business interests. If you don’t have that time of  usurpation,  that kind of abuse of government power, the economy will grow normaly just like an any other democratic country.
Takahashi:  If we look at neighbors like Malaysia and Thailand, where does Indonesia fit in?
 Wimar:  Definitely even now Indonesia is not really in the category of hopeless countries. In fact we are up to a point similar to Brazil, Russia, India and China; we are in the BRIC group in term of growth and stability. Now you must remember Indonesia was once a Tiger of Asia in Suharto’s days. We are capable of growing economically in terms of the size of the economics, type of exports, the labor force. Suharto failed because of the internal corruption, he didn’t fail because of student revolt, he failed because of involution,  he committed economic suicide. If Suharto had not committed those mistake in the eights and nineties we would have been all right. We know how to grow the economy using basically the same economists but with a different boss. Now, we are working on the same growth with a less reckless loss. So we have to keep SBY honest and that’s not difficult to do because his term is limited to 5 years.  So we have to work while SBY works on foreign policy, the government has to work on the economics. But the people have to work to find a new leader for 2014. A fresh one with no historical baggage but with the commitment to continue Indonesia’s path to democracy and welfare.

Yusiko Takahashi: What were the reasons SBY won?

Wimar Witoelar:  There are a number of reason why somebody gets elected. but I will take an educated guess. I think the first and for most reason is that people tend to choose the incumbent, unless there’s something wrong with the incumbent.  Not just in Indonesia, but anywhere else. And in Indonesia that syndrome is even stronger. People want to stick with the familiar because, why should they risk a new one if the incumbent did not do very badly?  Of course there are many things wrong with Indonesia, and of course there’s a need for change. But first of all people need strong intellect to appreciate the need for change,  and change needs an agent who can give a convincing case. So if Megawati gives  a message of change that is not very credible since she is part of the old system. She was a president once, and she did not get re-elected. If people want change why should she go to a vice presidential candidate like Prabowo, because Indonesia was damages very greatly by General Prabowo when he was special forces commander under Soeharto. If we look at Jusuf Kalla, he can not promise change. People forget he is a member of the Soeharto elite. As a businessman he enjoyed the patronage of the Soeharto system. He was given Eastern Indonesia monopolies, and he was oppressive aganst the Chinese. That’s how he became a big businessman. He cannot survive in fair competition. So people don’t see him as an agent of change. And Wiranto of course headed the Armed Forces under Soeharto. People who remember East Timor or the violence in Jakarta know he doesn’t represent change. Both candidates represent a return to the past, back to the past. SBY-Boediono is the only pair who had some credibility, Because at least 5 years of SBY’s presidency didn’t create damage, in fact the economic growth at the average of 4%-5%, no violence. Some people don’t like him, but he never arrested anyone. And he never closed any newspaper. That’s why people feel comfortable. Mr. Boediono is a better candidates for Vice President than Jusuf kalla was 5 years ago. Because he has a very clean track record while the two other vice presidential candidates allegedly  committed human right violations. Boediono never killed anyone, he cannot even kill a mouse. He is a very gentle person. He had worked on the Indonesian economy for maybe 20 years in various capacities. So he is a credible figure.

So if you ask me why they choose SBY, the answer is  people just don’t want to take  risks anymore. OK then why did Megawati, Prabowo get some votes and why did Jusuf Kalla get votes?  They are large numbers of vote. If Megawati were running in Australia she would win because Australia has only 80 million people. In terms of percentage in Indonesia, her votes are not significant. Why did Megawati get votes? Because Megawati is Soekarno’s daughter, period. Her legitimacy comes from the  fact that she is a daughter of Soekarno, a big name in Indonesia history. Even Japanese  know Soekarno. Maybe they don’t now exactly what Soekarno did but he is a big name. Actually Soekarno did proclaim Indonesia independence. But on the other hand, he wrecked Indonesia’s economy and he  left the country in ruins. People don’t understand that, since Soekarno is a romantic figure who released Indonesia from colonialism.

Megawati is living in the shadow of Bung Karno, living off the romanticism of people who don’t understand. People who were around during Bung Karno know he had some good sides and very many bad sides. And  Soeharto, he had many very good sides, but he had many very disastrous sides. You just cannot give the nation to people supported a president  who corrupted 20 billion dollars from the  people and killed so many of them. The SBY-Boediono pair is gentle - maybe they’re not very great but they’re not bad people either.

Takahashi: In 1999 people were very passionate about democratization. Why do they seem so indifferent now?

Wimar: Somehow when something matures you lose the passion. When you fall in love with a girl for one month you go crazy, you make love under the moonlight, you chase each other. If all things go well in a year they are still in love but they don’t express it as much. If you talk about health, one year ago I was in ill health so I took up diet and exercise and it worked. 3 months later, my weight went down, my blood indicators went up. I am  excited, I’m healthy. Next month I get the test again, I’m healthy.. two months, four months people say fine, that’s not news. Yesterday I took a blood test and got good results. Nobody cares, because you have been healthy a long time. People who are very young believe Indonesia has always been democratic. And so they said yes, sure, we are democratic.. so what, things are still expensive, I cannot get a job. They don’t remember that 10 years ago, not that long ago, if a foreign reporter like you came to Indonesia you would have a difficulty interviewing somebody like me, if you are not a risk taker.  Ten years ago not many people could talk in Indonesia. You can talk,  butg you end up in jail. Ten years ago newspapers were controlled by the state. In Soekarno’s time you could not see a western movie. You can only see Russian, Chinese and Japanese movies. You cannot see British, Dutch, American movies. So things have been on a roller coaster in Indonesia. From the most totalitarian regime now we are the most democratic.

We are more democratic than any other country in Southeast Asia and I can be challenged on it. But people don’t appreciate it and they turn to other problems. That is good, because we do not want people who are easily satisfied, we want people who are critical and want progress but with a measure of appreciation. We are lucky to have escape unscathed. The elections we just had is the third election in the reform period. Nobody died in those elections, nobody got hurt. In Soeharto’s time hundreds of peoples could get hurt and even killed, and people who opposed the regime could get imprisoned. When Soeharto was around Megawati’s party headquarters was attacked and tens  of people died. She never complained,  I don’t know why. So it  is a peaceful period now. Maybe some things are not as good as they were, but having said that, in this global economic crisis, somehow we survive and now we are doing better than other economies. Malaysia, Singapore have negative growth. We have 4 % growth even after the global financial tsunami. So we are lucky.

Takahashi: In the US Elections, Obama’s  message was ‘Change’. And some  politicians used  ‘change’ as their campaign slogan, but why did the SBY-Boediono slogan ‘Continue’ produce the winner?

Wimar: Well, that’s because America was very bad under Bush according to those who don’t like him. According to much of the rest of the world. So you need the audacity  of hope. But here it wasn’t that bad. Why should you change your country when you survived the economic crisis?  Why should you change your country that is going away from human right abuse, especially when  the competition doesn’t have much to offer. Prabowo offered hope for a  populist  economy but he has never been part of the people, or work with the people before the campaign. He was never in touch with the people. Megawati is the symbol of the people. But she is the most feudal  lady I know because I know her quite well. She is a nice lady. But she thinks she is queen. Wiranto doesn’t represent the people. As far as SBY’s campaign is concerned, I don’t know whether they chose the slogan by design, because I’m not part of the SBY campaign. But they chose not to offer empty hope but just say ‘we will keep on doing this’. And apparently it works. He got a quite large majority.

Takahashi:  What topic is the most important in the past ten years in this country ?

Wimar:  I see what is happening is progress because the political leadership has not been as deviant as it was before. You know people drift to more democracy, that is the instinct, but if you had leaders who want to preserve and maximize power, keeping the people oppressed, then you have a gap between the rich and the poor. Soekarno did not create the gap by design.  He just mismanaged the country. His government did not pay attention to the nation, but Soeharto deliberately managed the gap, he built up  a close circle of cronies and power. Suharto accumulated a lot of money and the elites have a lot of money. But when reform came there was Habibie and Abdurrahman Wahid and Megawati and then SBY. They did not continue this deliberate policy of separating the rich and the poor. They have not succeeded in totally reforming, but they do not maintain the gap. So people rose. If you leave people to themselves they are intelligent, they like to work, they are creative. The most creative people in Indonesia are not in politics now. They are doing day to day jobs, they are working in PR, in television, in the press, in the factories. That’s what’s happening; in fact it could be negative because now not many good people want to go in to politics. We hope to come to a sort of a compromise. But at this moment at least the middle class is growing. You can see them if you go to the shops, to the malls, to the airports, to the buses, to the zoo, to the amusement park, to the school. Those are not people who are very interested in the politics. They do vote because they want to keep the nation as it is, to continue. I think that’s why was happened.

Takahashi:  So the last question is, what do we have next,  in the democracy era ?

Wimar:   I don’t know what will happen next but I can tell you should happen. If I had my way then I would like to have SBY devote himself to the future and assign the management of the country to the technocras.  He has a very good team of technocrats already. He has Mr. Boediono, he has Sri Mulyani, he has Dr. Chatib Basri. A large number of proven technocrats, very clean, very expert. Also in other areas.   SBY isn’t really a politician, he was a military man, but he could be a statesman. So I think his second term should be dedicated to the future. And that is mostly in re-establishing Indonesia’s presence in the world. I believe very strongly that international relations are very important to the nation’s future because it is a global world.  Jakarta has as much to do as much to with Tokyo as it has with Garut or with Cianjur. If we put ourselves in the economic and  political mainstream, Indonesia has a good chance to contribute. Indonesia also happens to be the country where the most Moslems live in the world. And ours is a moderate brand of Moslem. Even if you see the news reporting the terrorists, the extreme activists, they are a minority. They are people who are hopeless; if people have hope than the Moslem majority can rise and we can be a good force in the world. So I think in the next five years Indonesia should go in that direction. SBY should focus on foreign policy, should get good foreign policy people and should stay away from local politics and not be tempted to compromise, to be blackmailed by extreme groups. Forget the coalition building that caters to extreme thoughts, because there’s enough strength in the system.  SBY is not a man who uses power recklessly. He is more a moderator than a leader. And so if he lets the political system work, supervises it, then our natural growth will increase the economic projections for 2014 to 8 – 9 percent.

Takahashi:  What is top agenda for the second administration?

 Wimar:   It definitely is combating corruption.  Corruption is not a moral issue alone; it is an economics issue. Because if we have a clean government, the foreign investor will have confidence, labor  will be satisfied, creativity will increase and also the productivity. Before you talk about systems you must first talk about clean government. If you have a clean government, our macro economic planning is sound. We have a good balance of agriculture policies, industrial policies, investment policies. Our monetary management is very good,  our Bank of Indonesia has been well managed. Our Minister of Finance was twice awarded  the best finance minister in the world. She was a director of the IMF, so the economy is on a good path, if it is not corrupted. The past cabinet was corrupted by  people like Aburizal Bakrie and  Jusuf Kalla who used power to further their business interests. If you don’t have that time of  usurpation,  that kind of abuse of government power, the economy will grow normaly just like an any other democratic country.

Takahashi:  If we look at neighbors like Malaysia and Thailand, where does Indonesia fit in?

 Wimar:  Definitely even now Indonesia is not really in the category of hopeless countries. In fact we are up to a point similar to Brazil, Russia, India and China; we are in the BRIC group in term of growth and stability. Now you must remember Indonesia was once a Tiger of Asia in Suharto’s days. We are capable of growing economically in terms of the size of the economics, type of exports, the labor force. Suharto failed because of the internal corruption, he didn’t fail because of student revolt, he failed because of involution,  he committed economic suicide. If Suharto had not committed those mistake in the eights and nineties we would have been all right. We know how to grow the economy using basically the same economists but with a different boss. Now, we are working on the same growth with a less reckless loss. So we have to keep SBY honest and that’s not difficult to do because his term is limited to 5 years.  So we have to work while SBY works on foreign policy, the government has to work on the economics. But the people have to work to find a new leader for 2014. A fresh one with no historical baggage but with the commitment to continue Indonesia’s path to democracy and welfare.

 

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8 Comments:

  1. From Esther (Portland, OR) on 11 July 2009 08:45:04 WIB
    Mr. Witoelar,
    Very well-articulate evaluation on Indonesian democracy. I am proud of the progress and achievement of Indonesian democracy. I believe we are in a good place compare to other country such as military coup in Honduras and Thailand, questionable legitimacy of Ahmadinejad in Iran, oppressive rule of Kim yong Il in North Korea, and what's up with Burma? Regardless any flaw, at least, at the minimum, we facilitate democracy as the basic right of our citizenry. I believe that democracy is an on-going struggle to create a more perfect society.
  2. From Andre on 11 July 2009 11:04:53 WIB
    Still sounds logic even you can keep it simple.
    Or maybe, that's what I feel too, more or less.
    Nevertheless, SBY charismatic figure is also dominant to attract many Indonesian voters. Some credits could also given to the campaign team that could elaborate this strength of him and also for his polite campaign style.
    Now, let's see how all the contested candidates learn how to be a good winner and to be a good loser.
    For better Indonesia, of course..
  3. From Sunu Gunarto on 11 July 2009 17:40:04 WIB
    Go internationally for our foreign affairs policy is OK..... but it should be balance with the domestic affairs policy, as we still have a lot of under prosperity and unemployee people. Good luck mr.SBY-Boediono......great responsibility in your shoulder. We hope you will be able to bring our nation to a better life........
  4. From Arie on 11 July 2009 18:12:47 WIB
    WW next time please also mention about the need for the government to seriousely protect labor overseas as well as security assurance when they return home.
  5. From hok on 11 July 2009 22:55:31 WIB
    My concern is who will continue what SBY has done in next five years.

    The five years is not long time. SBY and friends have to prepare it from now. If not ,Indonesian's dream will fly away.

    Remember that is so hard to find a "good guy" to be our leader. And now, I still be trust to SBY to prepare it for 2014.

    But my biggest hope is all of politicians in our homeland would like to take the responsibility of Indonesia's peaceful and welfare.

    Faith ,hope and love...
  6. From Bibeh on 12 July 2009 01:18:03 WIB
    So if Megawati gives a message of change that is not very credible since she is part of the old system. She was a president once, and she did not get re-elected. If people want change why should she go to a vice presidential candidate like Prabowo, because Indonesia was damages very greatly by General Prabowo when he was special forces commander under Soeharto. If we look at Jusuf Kalla, he can not promise change. People forget he is a member of the Soeharto elite. As a businessman he enjoyed the patronage of the Soeharto system. He was given Eastern Indonesia monopolies, and he was oppressive aganst the Chinese. Thatís how he became a big businessman. He cannot survive in fair competition. So people donít see him as an agent of change. And Wiranto of course headed the Armed Forces under Soeharto. People who remember East Timor or the violence in Jakarta know he doesnít represent change. Both candidates represent a return to the past, back to the past.


    I do not agree with you, in several parts. I\'m agree, they are representing The Past.

    Mega, from time to time, PDIP has loyal voters, Up and Down,
    around 20-30%. No matter which and how many party (ies) become the partner of the coalitions.

    PDIP from time to time, just do not know how manage it as advantage to be a ruling party. Nowadays, PDIP has vast Kepala Daerah.

    An big OVERHAUL needs to be done on the internal systems, i guess, especially from Asal Ibu/Bapak Senang compradore.

    JK, another victim of Golkar, NOT of Chinese, no racist issue here, even in the general election itself. The population are too small to be counted!

    Remember, Akbar Tanjung had lost The Golkar Convention in 2003. You can include Wiranto here also.

    It is a habbit of Golkar of being an everlasting Opportunistic Party. We can learn how to manage: several become general (to lead i means) from it.

    My advise for Golkar is Just Learn and Practice to be A Good Opposition this time! A dream come true for admirable Surya Paloh.

    So, The People had spoken 60% against 40% as same as 5 years ago.

    Selamat untuk SBY and Partai Demokrat. Bersiap untuk kaderisasi pemimpin 5 tahun mendatang. Luar Biasa.






  7. From wak tul on 12 July 2009 07:09:29 WIB
    Quite frankly,

    I\'m agree, but first of all we need to see how objective was the election actually.
    So according the statement of GUSDUR, we\'re the whole family, who didnt get any invitation like by CALEG before.

    Although it\'s possible to spent our vote by KTP and kartu Keluarga, we didnt want to spent more time and energy.

    Thx to KPUD and especially our village master (bapak RT) so we are happy to be GOLPUT without protest....

    GBU
  8. From aleks on 12 July 2009 15:24:24 WIB
    very good article, especially democratic in Indonesia in last five years.

    now SBY must choose those who are very competent technocrats to lead the strategic department like economic,finance, foreign affairs, trade and industrial. competent person who will be chosen is the key to manage clean govermance in the next five years

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